The following is an excerpt from the Utah Division of Wildlife
How will the new Predator Control Program
This year, in addition to maintaining an aggressive
predator-management policy, the DWR is implementing a predator
control program that provides incentives for members of the
public to remove coyotes. Participants in this new program will
receive $50 for each properly documented coyote that they kill
in Utah. For details, see the rest of this FAQ page or download
the fact sheet
(170 KB PDF) and the
(382 KB PDF).
When does the program begin?
You may register for the program starting July 1, 2012. There
are no restrictions on removal dates after the program has
begun, but reimbursements will not begin until after Sept. 1,
How do I register for the program?
To register and receive compensation for coyote removal, you
must follow the program rules and guidelines. Specifically, you
- Present the coyote and the properly filled out
compensation form to the DWR. The compensation
form must include the GPS location where the
coyote was taken, the identity of the person who took it,
and the date of removal.
- Check in the coyote's lower jaw and either the full pelt
or the scalp (with both ears attached). Coyote ears will be
marked by the DWR to prevent double payments. Disposal of
carcasses is the responsibility of the program participant.
- Check in coyotes only at designated sites and on
designated days and times. Check-in sites and procedures
will be listed on this Web page before Sept. 1, 2012.
When, where and how do I check in coyotes?
- Follow all rules and regulations related to trapping and
firearm use, as detailed in the 2012–2013 Utah Furbearer
Guidebook and the Predator Control Incentives Rule R657-64,
Utah Code and local law.
The Division recommends that you wait until December to begin
removing coyotes. (The period from December to June is when
removal efforts are most effective and when deer populations are
most susceptible to coyote predation.) However, the program went
into effect on July 1, 2012, and if you have already registered,
you may begin removing coyotes now. You will just need to hold
on to the scalps and jaws until the Division can open and staff
check-in sites. Those sites will be available starting in
September. We will list them on this page in late August.
We have had some questions about why it is taking time to launch
this program. To explain, this is a completely new statewide
program in which thousands of people are participating. We have
to be able to pay people and track their payments according to
the state's purchasing rules. We are also trying to create
enough check-in locations so that no one will have to travel
more than an hour to submit materials for compensation. Please
visit this page in late August for a list of check-in sites,
dates and times.
Why is location important in removal efforts?
The recommended coyote removal zone is based on the boundaries
of areas that are important to deer. Coyotes primarily kill
fawns and can produce more than six pups per year. They have
high reproductive potential and can be difficult to hunt. It
will be impossible to remove all coyotes from Utah, even with a
large effort by the public. Although any coyote taken in Utah
can be submitted for compensation, the DWR is recommending
specific areas and dates when coyote removal has the greatest
potential for benefiting mule deer. A statewide map (382 KB PDF)
identifies areas where control should be targeted to provide the
most benefit to mule deer.
Why is timing important in removal efforts?
Coyotes mate during the winter, usually January and February.
The most effective control efforts will remove coyotes after
pair bonds and territories are set, and before pups are raised.
Coyote removal is less effective in late summer. That is when
coyotes typically wander and disperse, often dying of natural
causes in their attempts to find new territories. Recommended
removal dates (December through June) are timed so that the
majority of removals are after coyotes have established
territories but before pups can be raised, or when deer are
fawning. It is during these periods that deer populations are
most susceptible to coyote predation. For the greatest benefit
to mule deer, coyotes should be removed in the recommended
locations and season.
Are there key dates related to this program?
If you’re interested in joining the new program, please keep the
following dates in mind:
- July 1, 2012 — You can begin registering for the program.
- Sept. 1, 2012 — Coyote reimbursements will begin after
How will the Predator Control Program benefit mule deer?
- December–June — The DWR recommends removing coyotes during
this timeframe (see above)
The severity of weather and the amount of forage available are
usually the most important factors that limit deer numbers. If
the weather is mild and the habitat is good, then removing
predators could increase the number of fawns that survive. More
fawns could help to stimulate an increase in mule deer numbers.
If there is not enough good habitat or there is a harsh winter,
then fawns may die from other causes besides coyotes, and
predator removal won’t help deer populations to grow.
How will the DWR evaluate the effectiveness of this
An assessment of the program is necessary to determine if the
money spent compensating for coyote removal has resulted in
lower coyote numbers, improved fawn-to-doe ratios and higher
numbers of mule deer. The DWR will track locations where coyotes
are being effectively removed and identify areas where
additional removal is necessary.
Will the DWR protect my privacy?
Utah has privacy-protection laws that the DWR will follow in
implementing this program.
I've heard rumors about targeted contracts to remove
coyotes. Does this option exist?
Not yet. The Mule Deer Protection Act also calls for the DWR to
create a more targeted program that uses contractors to remove
coyotes from areas where it may help deer. The DWR will use
information gathered during the first year of the program to
identify areas where additional coyote removal is needed. Then,
the DWR will use reports of coyotes taken by individuals to
identify a list of preferred vendors who can be contracted to
remove coyotes from targeted areas. Clear and accurate reporting
How can I learn more about this program?
If you have questions or comments about how the program will
work, please send them to PredatorIncentives@utah.gov
What predator-related legislation passed in 2012?
The Utah Legislature passed two predator-related bills in 2012.
The first bill, Predator Control Funding (Senate
), adds a $5 fee to all Utah big game hunting
permits. The money will fund a program to control populations of
predatory animals that endanger the health of Utah's
The second bill, Mule Deer Protection Act (Senate
), allocates general funding to the Utah Division
of Wildlife Resources ($500,000) and the Utah Department of
Agriculture and Food ($250,000). The legislation directs our
agencies to work together — and with other government entities —
to administer programs that reduce and control coyote
populations, particularly in areas where predation of mule deer
When did the new laws go into effect?
Governor Gary Herbert signed both bills into law on March 17,
and the funding will be available on July 1, 2012.
When will the $5 fee be added to the cost of big game
The $5 fee for predator control will be added to all big game
permits, starting with the 2012 antlerless permits and any
remaining big game permits sold after July 1, 2012.